Botswana is one of the top destinations in Africa and is known for its extraordinary safaris, fantastic nature and inspiring adventures. Whoever visits Botswana experiences a place like no other. Its amazing scenery includes a wide variety of habitats, from the sands of the Kalahari Desert to the lush Okavango Delta.
As one of the least crowded nations in the world, Botswana has set aside virtually 45% of its territory for conservation, contributing significantly to its abundance of wildlife.
Botswana is a refuge for African elephants. The country has the largest elephant population in Africa, especially in the Linyanti wetlands.
Botswana is one of the few countries in Africa that were never colonized, despite the fact that it was a protectorate of England. It has one of the most minimal populace densities and probably the biggest residual groups of untamed life on the planet. Because of the revelation of rich jewel mines in the twentieth century, Botswana changed from being one of the least fortunate to perhaps one of the wealthiest nations in Africa. It is a huge open parched nation, notable for the Okavango Delta, the greatest inland delta on the planet, rich in a variety of fauna and verdure. Numerous Botswana public parks are found inside the nation and albeit costly, it gives the guest an interesting chance to appreciate a safari without meeting the swarms of travellers that different nations are known for. It is additionally in Botswana where one can even now observe hints of the Bushmen, the desert-dwelling nomads that survived with bows and arrows throughout the centuries.
The Okavango Delta is a remarkable beating wetland. All the more accurately an alluvial fan, the delta covers somewhere in the range of 6 and 15 000 square kilometres of Kalahari Desert in northern Botswana and owes its existence to the Okavango (Kavango) River which streams from the Angolan highlands, through into the unforgiving Kalahari Desert.
The Okavango Delta is influenced by seasonal flooding with rising water from Angola arriving at the Delta among March and June, peaking in July. This peak coincides with Botswana’s dry season resulting in great migrations of plains game from the dry hinterland.
Generally flat, with a height variation of fewer than 15 meters across its area, dry land in the Okavango Delta is predominantly comprised of numerous small islands, formed when vegetation takes root on termite mounds, however, larger islands exist with Chief’s Island, the largest, having been formed on a tectonic fault line.
The 1000th site to be engraved on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2014, the Okavango Delta is a significant untamed wildlife zone secured by both the Moremi Game Reserve, on its eastern edge, and the numerous wildlife concessions within Ngamiland.
An oasis in an otherwise dry environment the Okavango Delta is known for its superb wildlife, with large populations of mammals and excellent birding, particularly in the breeding season.
Makgadikgadi Salt Pans
The Makgadikgadi Pans National Park houses 2 enormous salt pans - with an area of 3,900 kilometres – think the size of Switzerland and is situated in the dry savanna of north-eastern Botswana. In any case, it is one of the biggest salt flats on the planet. Lying south-west of the Okavango Delta and surrounded by the Kalahari Desert.
Makgadikgadi Pans National Park contains nutritious fields, attracting thousands of animals. It is, nonetheless, a territory of low rainfall and the Boteti River rarely streams to capacity - but often has everlasting pools that attract waterbuck, bushbuck and hippos. In the wet seasons, large parts of the pans are visited by hundreds of flamingos.
Travelling into this supernatural land and over the desolate pans, you will somehow feel its ancient glamour. In case you're arranging a Botswana safari - an explorer's manual for the Makgadikgadi Pans National Park is certainly what you need.
The best time to visit the Makgadikgadi Pans National Park relies upon the sort of experience you're searching for. The pans itself is just open during the dry season - from March to October. When the glaring white surface spreads so far that you can see the curvature of the earth. This season includes peak winter days with sunny and warm daylight hours, but the nights are extremely cold. However, from August to November - windy weather sets in, with October being the hottest month - the wildebeest and herd of zebra migrates slowly towards the Boteti River in anticipation of the rains.
Meanwhile, the wet summer season of November to March. The road becomes impossible - but the Pans usually retain water into April or May. Which is great for birding and game watching.
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