Namibia, in southwest Africa, is recognized by the Namib Desert along its Atlantic coast.
Namibia is one of the most diverse and fascinating countries on earth and a top travel destination. Namibia is world-famous for, among other things, the Namib Desert with the highest dunes in the world and the Etosha National Park, a nature reserve that is unique in the world.
The official name Namibia is "Republic of Namibia". Since 1990 Namibia is an independent country, a presidential republic with a democratic constitution. Namibia adheres to democratic principles such as freedom of the press, freedom of opinion and religion. Namibia's motto is "Unity, Freedom, Justice".
The country is home to a variety of untamed animals, including a critical cheetah population. In the capital Windhoek and in the coastal town of Swakopmund, you can find buildings from the German pioneer era, e.g. the Christuskirche, built-in Windhoek in 1907.
Windhoek is the capital of Namibia and is located, so to speak, in the epicentre of the country, so that it is relatively easy to travel from the capital to all parts of the country.
At 1700 m above sea level and surrounded by mountains, Windhoek is a fine blend of European and African culture.
The streetscape of the city centre with its small street cafes and beer gardens conveys the character of a Central European city, which is characterized by many modern buildings and Wilhelminian colonial architecture from the turn of the century.
Although Windhoek is located in the lower regions of Africa, it has all modern conveniences and is also considered one of the cleanest cities in Africa. The best thing about Windhoek is that there is something for all kinds of tourists, be it city travellers or nature lovers. For many people, the city is part of the program when travelling to Namibia.
Swakopmund is a coastal town in Namibia, west of the capital Windhoek. Its sandy coasts face the Atlantic Ocean. Built by German pioneers in 1892, the city's pilgrimage sites include the Swakopmund Lighthouse and the pier, an ancient watershed. Near the lighthouse, the Swakopmund Museum documents the history of Namibia.
The Waterberg Plateau, which is located in the Otjozondjupa region, stands out clearly from the surrounding flat landscape with a height of 200 m. With a length of 50 km and a width of up to 16 km, the plateau impresses with its exceptional vegetation. Above the steep and fissured rock faces, there is relatively much surface water, which gave the mountain the name "Waterberg". When it rains, the water immediately seeps away into the sand, but an impermeable layer of clay on the ground does not allow it to seep away from any further, but stores it in springs.
Sossusvlei is a salt and mud pan surrounded by high red ridges in the southern part of the Namib Desert, in the Namib-Naukluft National Park of Namibia. The name "Sossusvlei" is often used in an all-encompassing sense to refer to the surrounding region, which is one of Namibia's major guest attractions.
Fish River Canyon
The Fish River Canyon is located in the south of Namibia and formed the wide old valley of the Fish River. With the separation of the continent of Gondwana about 120 million years ago and the uplift of the African continent, the gradient of the Fish River increased, allowing it to erode even deeper into the rock. Today the deepest point of the canyon is 549 meters deep. It formed the broad ancient valley of the Fish River. With the separation of the continent, Gondwana about 120 million years ago and the uplifting of the African continent the gradient of the Fish River increased allowing it to erode even deeper into the rock. Today the deepest point of the canyon is 549 meters deep.
This slippery coastline - a misty area with rough and sandy shoals, rusting wrecks and ridges that lift-off - has been a graveyard for careless boats and their crews for over centuries, hence the exclusionary name. The early Portuguese sailors called it As Areias do Inferno (The Sands of Hell) because as soon as a boat was washed ashore, the fate of the group was clear. This sheltered area stretches from the Sandwich Harbour south of Swakopmund to the Kunene River and includes some 20,000 square kilometres of hills and rocky outcrops that form one of the world's most ungracious waterless zones in the oldest desert in the world.